How Solar Energy Systems Work

How Solar Energy Works Infographic
Solar energy may seem like magic, but it’s not.  The suns rays can be changed directly into electricity using solar energy system.  Here is a simple description of how it works.

  1. Solar energy is radiated from the Sun.
  2. The radiated energy, in the form of photons (particles of light), is absorbed by a solar panel.
  3. Solar cells within the solar panel react to the photons and produce DC power (type produced by batteries.)
  4. An inverter takes the DC power and converts it into AC power (type used by your home’s lights and household appliances.)
  5. Electricity from the inverter travels to your electrical box, where it is available for use in your home to power your lights, air conditioning, appliances and other electrical devices.
  6. Any excess electricity your system produces goes through a net energy meter and out to the power grid for others to use. You meter turns backwards, giving you a “credit” that you will see on your next bill.
  7. Whenever your system is not producing enough energy to fulfill your power requirements (like at night or on cloudy days) you will draw electricity from the grid, like normal.

If you keep producing excess energy, you can carry forward your bill credit for up to a year.